VAYNONEN Vasily Ivanovich (1901 - 1964, St. Petersburg), ballet dancer, choreographer, Honoured Artist of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (1939). Graduated from the Petrograd Drama School, where he studied under V.I. Ponomarev in 1919. In the same year, he became a performer, then a choreographer (until 1938) at the Kirov Opera and Ballet Theatre. Created several ballets, including The Flame of Paris (1932), Partisans‘ Days (1937), and Militsa (1947) set to music by B.V. Asafyev; and the Nutcracker by P.I. Tchaikovsky (1934). Vaynonen‘s interest in modern themes was combined with a sense of traditionalism. During a time when dramatic theatre dominated, Vaynonen‘s productions stood out with strong dance elements. Celebrities who took part in the performances he directed included G.S. Ulanova, V.M. Chabukiani, K.M. Sergeev, N.M. Dudinskaya, O.G. Iordan, and N.A. Anisimova.